Very quickly financial help became available and the wineries began taking full advantage of the opportunity to invest in the latest winemaking technology, rebuilding wineries throughout Greece. The second largest influence was that a new generation of Greek winemakers was emerging, often from families involved in viticulture, who left Greece to study at best schools mainly in France but also in Italy, the US and around the world.
They returned home bringing their winemaking skills to work with the rich treasure of native Greek varieties, often from around their own villages and began experimenting and changing Greek winemaking, while trying to adhere to the maxim that wine is a food and an integral part of the Greek table.
Can you let us in on an unsung hero among emerging Greek wines? Cephalonia is also on the rise, although the production is still very boutique. Cephalonia has several unique indigenous grapes with Robola showing that it is one of the best white grapes of Greece. The Zitsa PDO in Epirus, is home to another Greek jewel, their Debina variety that shows a lot of potential for further development for dry and sparkling wines. Another grape still under the radar with a lot of potential is the red Limniona, found in Thessaly.
Finally, one of the most under-rated white grapes, in my opinion, is also one of its most widely planted varieties, Savatiano. Which countries are developing the biggest thirst for Greek wines? The most promising market for Greek wine right now is the American market. Millennials are now the largest wine consuming segment in the US. And sommeliers throughout North America are one of the main reasons for the success that Greek wines are enjoying on mainstream wine lists. These Sommeliers, who are always looking for something different and good, can offer their guests a wide variety of native Greek grapes.
The difficult economic situation in Greece has actually been a stimulus for exports abroad, especially in the US and Canada, as the wineries have been compelled to concentrate their efforts in export markets. Which wines do you think deliver the biggest surprise to first-time visitors to Greece? I believe that the white wines of Greece deliver the biggest surprise due to their mouth-watering acidity and expressive aromas: characteristics more usually associated with cool-climate wines from more northern wine regions. The large number of indigenous grapes, many which have been around since ancient times.
These grapes have adapted very well to Greece's unique microclimates. The Native white varieties have wonderful acidities that go well with a variety of international cuisines and support the new trend away from the over-oaked whites that have dominated the international wine scene. Tell us your 5 year predictions for the Greek wine industry … Current trends show that what people are really looking for are wines with distinct character that show a sense of place. Wines that could only be from one place, like Burgundy, Barolo or Santorini because of the ecosystem from where they are produced.
Greece, because of its relatively low production, is being established as a boutique, premium winemaking region so that as the wines become more established, prices will begin to rise in export markets, which we are already seeing.
Eventually wines, such as those from Santorini and some other regions, will be too expensive to be purchased by the Greeks in Greece, but sold in export markets where they are willing to pay the price. This is a good problem to have, especially for the growers, who will be making more for their grapes and taking better care of their vineyards.
Your favourite Athens wine bar currently is? Can you give us a best-value-for-money Greek wine recommendation? Greek wines offer an excellent ratio of price to quality. For example, a Xinomavro of similar quality to a red Burgundy or Barolo is but a fraction of their price, due to the fact that they are still relatively unknown. Assyrtikos from Santorini are similar in style to a Premier Cru Chablis, but can be had for a 3rd of the price, although demand for Santorini wines is beginning to drive prices up. And finally, a "good investment for collectors" recommendation?
Whites from Santorini that can age at a minimum from years and beyond. Reds such as reserve Agiorgitikos can go for a decade or more, while wines from Xinomavro can go for several years developing layers of complexity the older they get. Amanda Dardanis uncorks her favourite Athens wine bars — in the city centre, around Pireaus and in the suburbs — where you can indulge in hearty explorations of the grape. Heteroclito A small but perfectly formed Syntagma favourite that champions Greek wines while rocking a retro French bistro vibe.
Cellar Status: mostly Greek wines with around 20 on offer by the glass. Top Note: Taste your way around the vineyards of Greece. Know your Assyrtiko from your Moscofilero and Roditis. Ipitou 4, Syntagma, tel: Wine lovers also know they can always lay their hands on a good glass of vino. Bottle prices are also very affordable.
Top Note: As the evening sets in, the wooden bar is packed with a heady mix of regulars enjoying a post-work drink, next to high-spirited tourists, drawn by the bright backdrop like moths to a flame. Brettos Kidathineon 41 Plaka, tel. Oinoscent now functions both as a cellar and a fashionable and relatively smoke-free! Cellar Status: More than labels from the world over. Voulis 44A Syntagma, tel : Best of all, at many of the new breed of wine bar, if you sip something you fancy, you can usually pick up a bottle to take home at bottle shop not restaurant prices.
Wine Bars. Century-old classics have been joined by atmospheric new drinking dens, run by welltravelled oenophiles banging the drum about charismatic new Greek varieties and rising international stars. And thanks to an increasing number of Athens bars adopting new technologies, like the Coravin system, which allows sommeliers to serve you exceptional labels by the glass without having to pull the cork ,. Share a satisfying meat and cheese platter and a few bottles of great plonk with friends as you perch on stools, or around old wine barrels.
Cellar Status: A smart wine list odd options specialising in lesser-known Greek wineries, with more than 20 available by the glass. The menu is internationally-tilted, reasonably-priced and constantly evolving. This is true wine-worshipper country. Go for the ab fab fit-out as much as the clear dedication to all things oenocentric.
A high-ceilinged warehouse has been ingeniously re-furbished with a striking wooden sunroof and chair branded with wine labels. Cellar Status: wines with a Mediterraneanlean. Polydefkous 39, Pireaus, Tel: Maragkou 18, Glyfada, Tel : Kyriazi 11, Kifisia, Tel: Posidonos 11, Voula Platea, Tel: A committed oenophile and wine scribe for decades, Constantinos Stergides gives a 5-minute masterclass on the Great Greek Grape What do you do?
And how long have you been organizing Oenorama for? I define myself as a wine journalist. I have been writing about wine non-stop for the past 30 years, it is what I do best and what I like to do the most. The most frequent Greek wine story you narrate at a bar? Following a huge reception at the Athens Hilton it was the talk of the town for many months. About a year later I came across their enologist and asked him when were they planning to release their next vintage. I am impressed by how many Greek wine geeks there are abroad nowadays, something unheard of in the past.
He is a great guy and a very cultured person. What do you get asked most at dinner parties? Which area of Athens do you live in? I live in Paleo Psychico which is also where I went to school. Also, there are no traffic lights, another rarity. What do you settle with at the end of a long day? Can you describe a quintessentially Athenian sound, smell, taste and sight? Sound: church bells, amazing if you are lucky enough to live near a church. Taste: Cheese pie at 11 a. Sight: Bitter orange trees planted on almost every Athenian sidewalk. My birthplace, Perth Western Australia and especially the Cottesloe beach.
An Athenian is a very patient person. My picks Your all-time favourite restaurant in Athens that perfectly pairs its dishes with wines? If Athens were a wine it would be a retsina, what else? Assyrtico, Robola, Mavrodaphne, Malagousia and, of course, Xinomavro. Most underestimated Greek wine? Wines from the roditis grape. Few know that Greek wines can age quite nicely. Finally, tell us your best Athens Insider secret a place, venue or location? For co-author Diana Farr Louis, who moved to Greece over 40 years ago, it was a recipe to make her fall in love with her adopted home all over again.
Writing down the recipes is the easiest part. Then you have to test them again and again as well as proofread them a dozen times to make sure a mischievous gremlin has not substituted a gram for a kilogram or 1 nutmeg for a pinch of the spice. The road to publication seems endless. Producing A Taste of Greece was a different experience altogether. For one thing this was a group endeavor from the beginning and for another I did all the research without travelling anywhere. The recipes and the texts came to me and my co-editor, Tatiana Blatnik, and then took us into the minds and memories of our contributors.
But let me go back to the beginning. A Taste of Greece was never going to be like any other cookbook. Implementing this truly ingenious concept, the network had grown by to the point where it was saving and offering 15, food portions a day around the country, not just in Athens. I had come in contact with the charity a year after its founding by Xenia Papastavrou and her friends, Alex Theodoridis and Alexia Moatsou, when I was writing positive stories about Greece for The Huffington Post to help counteract the overwhelmingly negative features about Greeks in the international press as we slid into our depression.
At first, I assumed it would consist of recipes for leftovers, ways of re-. But not at all. The plan was much more ambitious. With wide-ranging contacts in Europe, the UK and the US, she not only knew people like Valentino and Diane von Furstenberg personally, she was on such good terms with the German publisher teNeues that they agreed to print the book in three languages and give Boroume 10 percent of the profits. She was the perfect person for the job. As the contributions trickled in, we shared them with the team, enthusiasm growing with each email. Of course we had to edit, check, and recheck every entry, but some of our contributors wrote so lyrically that I never got tired of reading them.
The book is a celebration of the age-old traditions of hospitality, kindness and generosity that have kept me happy to be an honorary Greek all these years. Working on this book was a labor of love on our part too. That is what motivates the Boroume team and it kept me positive, distracting my attention away from shrinking pensions and outrageous taxes. How lucky I was to have Tatiana by my side or at the end of a phone, as well as Xenia, Alex and Nick Politakis, who represents Boroume in the US, plus chef Nikos Ntanos, who supplied recipes when contributors did not have their own.
I think we were all proud to be involved in a project that was bigger than any single one of us. The fact that a percentage of the profit on every book sold will go to help Boroume combat food waste and feed more hungry people makes this much more than just another cookbook. The recipe is from Zakynthos and really belongs to my co-author, June Marinos. It is so delicious that there never seems to be enough and it really should be cooked a day ahead, or at least several hours before you intend to serve it, because it is much much better when it has had time to rest and absorb all the flavors.
Resist the temptation to serve it hot, right out of the oven. This goes well with fresh sourdough bread, feta, and plenty of wine. Sprinkle the eggplant slices with salt and leave them in a colander for at least 40 minutes to shed some of their liquid. Rinse and dry the slices well. Heat about an inch of olive oil in a large skillet over medium heat and gently fry the eggplant slices on both sides in batches. Drain on paper towels. Place the tomatoes, sugar, and salt and pepper to taste in a large saucepan and simmer until a thickish sauce forms.
Stir in the vinegar. Arrange the eggplant slices in layers in an ovenproof dish, sprinkling chopped garlic between each layer. Pour the tomato sauce over the eggplant and bake for 30 minutes.
Leave in the oven to cool and serve several hours later or the next day. Note: You can also brush the eggplant slices with oil and grill them for a lighter dish. The laiki or the open-air markets have long been a great source of fresh produce. Catering to the eco-conscious needs of Athenians who want to lead a healthier lifestyle, several organic options have sprouted in the city.
From gluten-free foods to herbal cosmetics and nutritional supplements these speciality stores focus on encouraging local products. Organic food, gluten-free products, fresh fruits and vegetables, delicatessen, herbal cosmetics, ecological detergents, baby foods, nutritional supplements. Irakleiou Ave , Irakleio, Tel: A virtual organic village with branches spread across Voula, Glyfada, Ilioupoli, Nea Smyrni and Stamata, Biologiko Chorio stocks everything from herbal hair-dyes to dried nutts, gluten-free snacks, superfoods, environment-friendly detergents and chlorine-free cleaning products.
Lambraki 83, Glyfada. A store packed tightly with the best in organic milks, cheeses, teas, honey, and a wealth of other local products as well as imported health bars and herbal remedies from Germany, Holland, and the UK. It is one out of only a handful of places where certified organic produce can be purchased. Nikis 30, Athens, Tel: The store also sells toiletries made of natural herbs. Panepistimiou 57, Athens, Tel: Organic foods, greek traditional products, natural and herbal cosmetics, nutritional supplements, products for athletes.
Protopappa 38, Ilioupoli, Tel: A chic organic boutique with a smoothies bar that serves fresh detox soups, herbal teas, and fruit juices and delivers everything from ready meals to a wide array of rare tropical fruits, organic vegetables, pulses and healthy snacks to your doorstep. Pavlou , Voula. Certified supermarket of organic products. Fruit, legumes, vegetables, chocolates, detergents, special nutrition gluten free, diabetic products.
Repeat customers find it hard to move beyond the meze — or pikilia — shared tasting platters, especially the grilled meat one, which is a real cut above your average Greek restaurant. It includes chicken souvlaki, pork souvlaki, lamb cutlets, home-made sheftalia traditional Cypriot crepinette of minced pork, onion and herbs , sausages and Halloumi, plus a trio of 3 tasty homemade dips. There are also plenty of seafood and vegetarian options on the menu. Thymari is one of the best places in London right now to sample Greek-style octopus too. Signature Tastes: Kleftiko — slow-roasted lamb with cinnamon roasted potatoes; King Prawn Saganaki in spicy tomato and Ouzo sauce topped with herbs and feta; and a ravishing taramasalata.
We were most pleased to see a couple of wonderful Greek sparkling wines from Florina and Peloponnese feature. Apollo ticks all the other right boxes too. A light-flooded interior, thanks to outsized cathedral windows. Signature Tastes: Grilled octopus with chickpeas and coriander, Grilled calamari with sumac chilli, Oven-baked lamb shoulder with lemon and yoghurt, Avgolemoni pie. In fact, Strofilia Restaurant and Cellar has a knack for photogenic plating that even Gordon Ramsay would find difficult to fault.
But while the look of the food is thoroughly modern, the tastes are reassuringly traditional Greek: chicken with red wine and pasta; grilled pork and veal meatballs with cumin and yoghurt; a commendably creamy fava with onions, cherry tomatoes and capers. But the quality is superb. Witness the re-invented Doric columns in the loft-style dining room that resemble Playmobil towers; the vintage olive press parts ; and nifty wall tiles fashioned from dismantled wine crates.
Downstairs, the cosy vaulted cellar and dining space is a great drawcard and offers a completely different mood. You can also hire private dining rooms for between 10 to 80 guests to take the party to the next level! Signature Tastes: Octopus carpaccio with Santorini vinegar and artichoke mousse; black port loin with celeriac puree, Macedonian truffle and caramelized hazelnuts; and slow-cooked beef with Brussels sprouts and mushrooms. Elia Restaurant is a rare Greek gem amid the hectic Dubai whirl.
It also pulls off the trick that any decent Greek gastronomic outpost should be capable of. Most nights, Baxevanis can be seen doing the rounds to gather customer intel. It never fails to charm. Our advice? Go native and order a medley of share plates to linger over out on the lovely terrace.
Signature Tastes: Slow-cooked lamb shank; tender lamb morsels cooked in parchment paper with herbs and graviera cheese; a nearperfect Fasolakia; and an unforgettable galaktoboureko. When it comes to foreign-flavours, India has hundreds of Italian, Arabic and Chinese restaurants to choose from.
But traditionally, not a lot of Greek options. However, this state of affairs is slowly changing as Indians become more health-conscious, seeking out grilled dishes or those cooked in olive oil. A cutesy little place that looks like a Cycladic village courtyard straight from central casting their pretty courtyard is pure Mamma Mia!
And anyone looking for a relaxed and affordable window into authentic Greek cuisine. No, the true treasure here is host-with-the-most Anastasia. She is clearly in love with Greek food and will sit down at your table to explain each dish in detail — and advise you on what to order. Signature Tastes: Succulent lamb chops paidakia ; a melt-in-themouth moussaka; roasted zucchini; and a banging baklava. Meet the Fish Tired of feeling like a fish out of water when it comes to buying fish in Greece — or ordering it in a restaurant? Such a place is the central market, or as many know it, the Varvakios.
Situated in the very centre of Athens, the market is a vivid jungle of sounds, colours, and smells. Ah yes, the smells. Some people say they cannot stand the smells of fish or meat. But a fresh fish market has to smell like fish, otherwise you might as well just pull a packet of fish fingers out of the freezer! At a fish market, you can see the fish, touch them, smell them, and learn how to choose the freshest specimens. It's helpful to have your own fishmonger, the one you always go to and, eventually, trust. But I find it really does do the trick!
The easiest thing in Greece is striking up a conversation. For me, and countless others, that's one of the major lures of the market. Very often, when we take a group to the fish market, we buy some fish, then take it to a nearby taverna where we sit down and eat it together as the perfect conclusion to our excursion.
And not only in the summer, or at a fish taverna by the sea, we eat fish all year round. You also need to know how Greeks eat and cook their purchases, and how to tell if the fish is fresh or not. The same applies to sardines sardelles , which are also at their best grilled. Atherina and maridaki: tiny little fish, like whitebait, fabulous with ouzo. Not so cheap, but amazing when fried by a connoisseur.
I make soup with them, but they triumph when made into croquettes. Fry them and serve them with garlic sauce. The latter has two kinds: the open-sea one, more costly, and the seafarm kind, cheaper, but still very tasty. Grilled is one of the most popular ways of cooking them. Personally, I stuff their stomach with a slice of lemon and parsley, wrap them in a baking sheet and pop them in the oven. Of course with a little oil, salt, pepper, and more lemon.
Mmmmm, super! Now that part of the market is open to the public, Volakas and its amazing owner, Varvara, have become local celebrities. Here, you will find very honest, decent Greek cuisine, at very reasonable prices, without any "touches" or novelties. Just the way our mothers used to cook. Sudha Nair-Iliades is seduced. The Piraeus flagship restaurant is now called with Vassilenas in a smaller font while the new Athenian locale on Vrassidas 13 will continue with the Vassilenas name and tradition of serving what is arguably, the best value-for-money meal in Attica.
Harking back to its Piraeus pedigree, the accent here is on fish and seafood but with an eclectic choice to pamper all palates. Ingesting traditional Greek standards with a bold, cosmopolitan edge, the dishes here are such a remarkable play on textures and seasonings, that even regulars like me, are taken aback by the surprising burst of finesse and flavour on the palate.
Not on the degustation menu, but on the a la carte one, is the sea bass carpaccio marinated in lime and the shrimp tartar with pickled celery and fennel - a burst of freshness that sets the tone for the rest of the meal. Vassilenas transforms banal taverna standards such as laxanodolmades or stuffed cabbage leaves by serving it with an unusual but brilliant combination of cauliflower puree and a hint of truffle oil. Converting Mediterranean staples such as salt-crusted cod into a culinary marvel requires not just imagination and skill but audacity to pull it off.
Vassilenas does so without being too frilly and pretentious but with just the righ. For meat lovers, starve a week before to tuck into choice Aberdeen Angus beef prime ribs served with homemade ketchup and sinfully good fries and Lamb Shanks served with a refined, smoked eggplant puree. A visit to Vassilenas is not just a gastronomic journey, it is partaking a slice of history when genteel conversations between Paddy LeighFermor and Winston Churchill mingled with the poetic outbursts of Seferis and Elytis, where Sophia Loren was seduced by Carlo Ponti on her way to film Boy on a Dolphin in Hydra and where Elia Kazan and Manos Chatzidakis shared their passion for cinema, music and politics.
At its new home, Vassilenas is all set to recreate a new set of magic moments of its own. What is it that make your pastries so famous around the world? To explain, I will take the example of the lemon pie, which represents me best because it is the perfect balance between taste and textures. People speak about the taste of a product. It is the key to success, of course. How did you catch the food bug? My passion started as a young child, watching TV shows about cooking. I was fascinated to see how people mixed ingredients, put them in the oven, and then it would grow, cook.
So my mother offered me a cook book, and I discovered that we had all these ingredients at home. I started making recipes, such as yogurt cake. The most difficult thing was to take the cake out of the oven and have to wait until it cooled down. Would you describe yourself as greedy then? Yes, I am. What are your fetish ingredients? Here the weather is sunny, it is almost spring, so I would select fruits. Either red or yellow. I also like Greek products, such as loukoums.
At the moment we are working on a macaron with mastic and another one with lavender flavor. Mastic is an interesting taste. It reminds me a little of bitter almond. Mesoghaia takes off Greetings and goodbyes should be leisurely affairs and Mesoghaia at the Sofitel provides just the setting for those special moments. Lowslung and inviting, the completely renovated restaurant will surprise you with its modern design, rose gold details, oxford blue finishes and white marble surfaces give to it a distinct style. There's casual seating for lone travellers at the front, around the show cooking station or cosy corners for the romantically inclined, speedy wifi and ergonomic seating for the businessman- on- the- move and reclining chairs for those who want to savour every moment.
Add more purpose to your airport trip with a stopover at Mesoghaia, before taking off, after landing, or simply for the sake of having a good time at this gleaming new restaurant. And defies definition. A culinary nomad, his inspiration comes from his years of living and travelling around Spain, Peru and Japan. La Pantera Negra reflects the raw energy and anarchy of its neighbourhood and channels it into something unspeakable beautiful. Insider recommends: Leche de la pantera negra, sea bass marinated in citrus and broth black Peruvian corn, smoked sweet potato, black quinoa, onion and fresh coriander bursting with fragrance, Bao bans with caviar and smoked butter and, Tiradito sea bass with crispy sweet potato cubes, thinly sliced grapes, fresh coriander and crunchy yuca crisps.
And of course, pisco-based cocktails throughout the day. Insider tip: Book ahead for a Sunday brunch. In the summer months, the inviting premises of Black Duck Garden really come alive and makes the perfect urban rendezvous. The lovely atmosphere aside, Chefi really is all about the food. Chef Alexandros Kossivakis creates utterly delicious menus with a fun twist of elements, inspired by international cuisines that taste as good as they sound.
Peloponessou 75, Tel: Kyprou 50, Tel: A popular gay haunt. Pireos 84, Tel: Dionysiou Arepagaitou 15, Tel: Esperidon Square and Kyprou 70, Tel: Boutadon , Tel: Kyprou 74, Tel: Foivis 15, Tel: Markou Botsari 10A, Tel: Posidonos 58, Tel: Giannitsopoulou 1, Tel: Marangou 18, Tel: Kyprou 82, Tel: Grigoriou Lambraki 2, Tel: Eleftherioton Sq 8, Tel: Perikleous 31, Tel: Drosini , Tel: Athens Hilton, Vas. Sofias 46, Tel: Hatziyianni Mexi 2A, Tel: Athens Hilton Vas. Guaranteed value for money. Meandrou 15, Tel: Kolokotroni 21, Tel: Refined al-fresco dining with excellent service.
Platanon 2, Tel: Semiramis Hotel, Harilaou Trikoupi 48, Tel: Kyriazis 19, Tel: Kifissias , Tel: Haritos 32, Tel: Kolokotroni 35, Tel: Solonos 72, Tel: Stratigou Lekka 19, Tel: Alamanas 1, Tel: Kifissias 37A, Tel: Armatolon kai Klefton 48, Tel: Dorileou , Tel: Next to Megaron Mousikis, Tel: Normanou 3, Tel: Agias Theklas 5, Tel: Plateia Avissinias 3, Tel: Reports of construction delays and operational glitches have become so commonplace, the Athens Olympic Organizing Committee has become an all-purpose straight line, with no shortage of punch lines. These are just local terrorists.
They're just, like, nonviolent anarchists. They call in advance. They never hurt anybody. This is not something you should take seriously. This is not like the 7-Eleven with a little security camera in the corner. This is a police station! So, fine, these people aren't going to do anything, but isn't that kind of a lesson? And if the Greeks need an assist as they rush to finish preparations, Mark Spitz, winner of seven swimming gold medals in , has declared his readiness to step up.
O Mark Spitz kai i parea tou tha mporousan ontws na mas voithisoun. Na mazevame ti laspi tous gia na etoimasoume me ayti ta megala erga. Tha mas kostizan kai pio ftina. Den tsantizomai pia. O,ti zimia itan na mas kanoun, mas tin ekanan idi. Den agxonomai gi ayta pou diorthonontai kai gi ayta pou den diorthonontai.
Twra aytoi kai osoi tous pistepsan tha paroun tin apantisi apo tileorasews mesa stis xwres tous. Episis opos fainetai kai apo tis diloseis tis Davenport sto post tou pekkek alla kai apo alla arthra pou eho diavasei oi Amerikanoi gnorizoun oti oi Ellines de tous pane kai eknevrizontai dioti de mporoun na katalavoun giati! Logiko einai na mas thavoun meta. Prosfata eixa mia suzhthsh me mia ellhnoamerikana filh h opoia ligo-polu sxeftotan opws h Davenport. Aporouse giati oi Ellhnes trefoun oxi kai polu filika ais8hmata pros tous Amerikanous.
Ths apnthsa oti ka8eti exei thn exshghsh tou kai se ka8e" drash" yparxei kai "antidrash". Ths eipa na anatrexsei sthn istoria kai sygkekrimena sto etos opou h dhmokratia kataluetai sth Ellada apo thn xounta twn syntagmatarxwn me thn arwgh-emmesh k' amesh- Kissinger kai USA. Auta den einai senaria episthmonikhs fantasias alla gegonota pou malista anaferontai stous fakelos ths CIA pou dhmosieu8hkan prin merika xronia.
Malista o Bill Clinton kata th episkepsh tou sth A8hna eixe epishmws zhthsei sygnwmh. Epishs as nhn xsexname kai thn eisbolh tou Attila sthn Kypro to xsana me tis eulogies tous Kissinger kai CIA, tekmhriwmeno kia auto to gegonos apo tous fakelous CIA. Xwris na 8elw na probw se eketenh geopolitikh syzhthsh anaferw ta parapanw gegonota ws apodeisxh oti ka8olou tuxaia h USA den antimetwpizetai me prokatalhpsh apo tous Ellhnes.
H USA mono "a8wa peristera den einai". An 8eloun merikoi na e9elotufloun.. For the first time, 30 works by the great contemporary American artist Cy Twombly, inspired by his fascination with Greek mythology and his close ties with Greece, are presented alongside 12 ancient artworks, revealing a rare and original dialogue between ancient Greek and modern art.
Neophytou Douka 4, Athens, tel: A fascinating retrospective of the life and work of three vital artists of the 20th century, who were united by their love of Greece. Through the display of works of art, extracts from texts, photographs, letters, manuscripts and publications, follow their relationship and their artistic and literary careers, with their love of Greece always a common denominator.
Main Building, Koumpari 1, Kolonaki. Tel: Encounter a riveting argument for a merger between antiquity and contemporary art at this new installation launched by the DESTE Foundation for Contemporary Art, which explores the possibility of reinventing classicism. Walker engages in historical narratives, particularly the experience of African Americans in the South American anti-American, and the ways in which these stories have been suppressed, distorted and falsified. Free admission. Gallery is open every day except Tuesday.
Mandrakiou-Molou, tel: Joining the existing stores at Athens International Airport and in Mykonos, the two new branches also carry charming and exclusive destination-specific designs. Mykonos Matoyiannia, Mykonos, Tel: Sweet Fever Pere Faura Catalan choreographer Pere Faura incorporates aspects of pop culture in his work and reimagines them in a distinctly theatrical form. The artist re-interprets and re-invests with meaning an iconic choreography in what is a ritualistic, ecstatic trip which ironizes our constant search for pleasure.
Drawing on the horrific experiences of war, Munyaneza created a performance that pays tribute to all those Rwandan women who suffered atrocities, their bodies violated, humiliated, and objectified. Leopoldine and Philippa Theofanopoulos, 2. Amalia Sotiropoulou and Alexandros Kassandrinos, 8. Walk in the footsteps of an Archeologist… Who better to illuminate the riveting exhibits at the Acropolis Museum than an archeologist?
The tours take place every Friday at 6pm and are included in the normal 5 euro entrance price. You can register for them at the information desk located at the entrance of the museum. The meeting point for your archeological host will be the glass floor on the ground level. For more information, phone the museum on You can see it at the historic art space P. Like the prematurely lost George Lappas, each of the other chosen painters and sculptors also distinguish themselves through their talent, expressive multi-level language and the versatile way in which they handle their materials.
Starry Starry Night! Nothing defines a Greek summer quite as poetically as open-air cinemas do. Until the end of September, the capital is transformed into one big open-air movie spectacular as the Athens Outdoor Film Festival returns once more. The classic adaption of E. For more programme information, visit www. The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre is hosting special free physical activities for kids every Saturday afternoon in July to help get them off the sofa. From 6. Parents, too, will be able to recall childhood memories and perhaps be tempted join in the fun. Then, between pm, you can introduce your child to the joy and benefits of yoga at free outdoor workshops.
You may well be giving them a gift for life. Yoga for children is a fun way for kids to develop important skills, in an environment where competition is absent. From a very young age, children deal with pressure at school, and with the stress of success in sports and extracurricular activities. Yoga can be an extremely effective tool to help them ease the pressure. The yoga lessons takes place without judgment and the perfect execution of each yoga pose by the children is not the goal. In an environment of encouragement, they will develop their motor, cognitive, emotional and social skills. Through an approach that is childcentered and utilizes play, children learn to control their bodies, their breath, their thoughts and how to relax, while also improving their flexibility and confidence.
The classes are suitable for children aged between To find our more about both events, visit www.
Since it opened to much fanfare last year, the only thing holding back the marvelous Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre, in our opinion, has been the lack of proper eat-in establishments. Future Perfect? The 1, square foot Villa Ypsilon, designed by London firm LASSA, and architects Teo Sarantoglu Lali and Dora Sveijd, has gained worldwide attention thanks to its ground-breaking form and design, which allows its owners to scale its hull-shaped roof to enjoy views over the nearby mountains and coastline of the stunning Peloponnese peninsula.
The domed summer house, which only took seven months to construct, is comprised of a three-pronged concrete shell which frames three courtyards at ground level - all of them catching the sun at different times of day. Impressions of Greece Born during the Spanish Civil War, author Miriam Frank was five years old when she boarded the famous Serpia Pinto in , unaware that she and her mother Kate were escaping the round-ups, separations and extermination camps of Nazi Germany.
By the age of 12, Miriam had fled two wars and lived in three continents and now divides her time between London and Greece. Here, she writes eloquently for Insider about the mark that Greece has left on her, after her early encounters, leading her to find sanctuary on the serene island of Serifos.
I was twenty-six, and had returned to Europe in search of my roots after my growing-up years in Mexico and medical studies in New Zealand. The ancient Greeks and their history, which formed the cradle of European civilisation with their introduction of democracy and the value of the individual, had always attracted me, even from the opposite end of the earth, and my expectations were richly rewarded.
When I first arrived in Athens, I was overawed by the mighty, marble columns of the Parthenon that alternated with light and air, and the captivating human grace and beauty of the caryatids that looked down from their perch on the Acropolis. In Delphi, the cool fresh mountain forests, oracular shrines and temples were all bathed in a magical effusion of honeyed light. As different as our backgrounds, languages, customs and lives were, we readily connected with common insights and a mutual understanding.
After my many years of homeless wander-. I visited the island of Hydra: a profusion of pretty white houses up the steep narrow streets interspersed with bougainvillea, vines, jasmine and other flowering creepers. Mykonos was a symphony of whites: arches, steps, paths, ledges and domes, all whitewashed to a snow-like chalkiness, the many layers of lime rounding off their edges giving them an organic look.
In the changing lights and shadows I began to discover tinges of violet, pink, cerulean, lime-green and other shades in the whites all around me. Then, a dazzling white against a brilliant cobalt sea. The beach out of town, past a barren landscape of olive trees and lacy white dovecotes, each a different pattern from the next, was a long stretch of golden sand with a simple taverna, which served delicious fish soup.
I joined evenings of Greek dancing in the port town, graceful, repetitive footwork, hands held high, around a circle, to the captivating, windy music, which lets one know that the Orient starts here. They talked and laughed and enjoyed the feast and shared everything without fuss or ceremony, undeterred by a stranger in their midst and the absence of a common language.
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The exuberance of life, human warmth and inclusivity here, drew me close to them and to the country. I settled in London where I worked in a teaching hospital and married an artist and started a family. But Greece remained in my heart and, when the time came, I returned in search of my white house on a Cycladic island. I found it in the stark, wild beauty of Serifos. Many years had passed, and Greece had gone through difficult times. Yet, even through this, there is a sense of its historic tradition of our common humanity. In Serifos I have made life-long friendships, and — when I am not swimming in its sparkling blue waters or exploring every corner of the island — I spend my time reading and learning more about the history of this part of the world which blends East with West, and writing about my own life across the years and this wondrous and complicated world, with so much beauty and so much that is terrible, both at the same time.
And Greece, in the midst of it, with its strong sense for the humane. A risk-taking writer whose artistry and aesthetic have influenced an entire generation of writers. Ondaatje conjures images that pull strangers into the vivid rooms of his imagination And on it goes. As a writer, Ondaatje goes wherever the story takes him; untroubled by form - or the fact that it may often take him half a decade to get there.
Previously, Ondaatje, who now lives in Toronto with his writer wife Linda Spalding, has tackled themes as diverse. You would have made a great Renaissance Man! Are there any other artistic talents that we should be aware of? Well, I was also a sculptor in my youth. No, no. I never wanted to be a sculptor, but I did always want to be a piano player. In particular, to play Fats Waller. How did your life change after The English Patient? Not as much as it could have done. I just carried on writing. As a writer, you can still retain your anonymity to an extent.
What was nice was that these famous actors Ralph Fiennes, William Dafoe et al were out there doing the publicity for me. When I came to Canada, I had a great English teacher at University and he was fantastic and a real ham. He wanted to be a dramatic poet like Browning. In , you were among the group of high-profile authors who boycotted the PEN American Center Literary awards, over their decision to award a Charlie Hebdo tribute.
Why did you believe it was so important to make that statement? Well there were other writers such as my good friend, the Australian author Peter Carey, who were much angrier about it than me. There were 5 or 6 of us who decided simply not to go to the event… and that was taken as this big about face. What happened to the staff at Charlie Hebdo was horrific.
But PEN is a very political organisation and also a very conservative one — or has been in the past. I felt they were celebrating a magazine that a lot of people believed was very racist. And have you read Homer and the Classics? Not necessarily. I enjoyed writing from the point of view of a youth. Sexually or politically. Has seeing reports of unchaperoned refugee minors undertaking treacherous crossings here in Greece sparked any personal associations? My book was written before all of this started to happen.
But this whole idea of home and how people move from one country to another is very essential to me. Any desire to tackle a contemporary novel one day? Has this theme of a fractured childhood bled into your work? Oh, utterly. The main legacy is that I have a sense of the world as a whole as opposed to just the one point of view. For a long time in Canada going back years, no one wrote books set there. E-reader or paperback? Some of them are even reinstating the whole original text.
I think the public wants it. Are there any literary works set in Greece that have captured your attention? As Canada celebrates its th anniversary of Confederation and its 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations with Greece, it sets the standard as a multicultural, diverse and inclusive nation. At a time when other countries grapple with nationalist forces and anti-immigrant sentiment, Canada has been a model of social harmony.
At its th Confederation milestone, Canada has established itself as the most inclusive, progressive, multicultural country in the world, a champion of human rights, campaigner of third gender issues, advocate of indigenous cultures and as a nation where diversity is woven into the fabric of Canadian society. It must give you immense pride to represent a country that presents a positive counterpoint to the polarizing, divisive politics that plague the world today. Canada is a country which is built on accepting differences.
All these things lead you to a place where you accept that differences are alright and you learn to work with them and not to try to create an ideal that everyone has to fit into. Inclusion is a choice and it is a lot of hard work. Federalism is hard work. It is often much easier to just dictate how things should be.
Many people find Canadian news boring — there are often long articles on the Canadian health system - but these are the issues that we believe should be talked about. We have to talk about the reality, we have to talk about the challenges facing people. We believe that we have a responsibility - to ourselves and to the world - to show that inclusive diversity is a strength, and a force that can vanquish intolerance.
Since your arrival here, Greece has served as the main point of entry for thousands of refugees and migrants. What is the way forward for Europe to resolve this complex, humanitarian crisis? Canada is a country of immigration. One of the great things about being ambassador here is that one in every three people I meet have family connections in Canada. So we have a starting point which is advantageous to us - that we are accepting of the idea that a person could be born in a different country and could be integrated into society and become a minister or a member of cabinet or indeed, the Governor-General.
Europe is still working towards that. Europe is by definition a multi-national structure and not a nation-state. The logic of that is what Europe is working through right now. Member states control some aspects of European life and the European Union works together to address some other aspects. Given that Europe has to address some of these issues as Europe and not as nationstates alone, Europe will have to find a collective solution; but part of that is being accepting of differences, of being aware that the right approach, and the most effective and.
One of the questions for Europe is: Is it addressing this as a refugee issue meaning people who are coming to seek shelter? Or is it addressing it as an immigration issue meaning people coming here to work and live? Europe must address this sooner or later, because the responses and the approaches will differ accordingly. There is a lot of debate and hard work still to be done. These are times of great challenges and it is in these times that great things are done. Perhaps what the average European sees are only the problems and the friction - not the amazing work being done in finding a lasting solution.
We have historically encouraged Greek students to come and study in Canada. One aspect is maintaining the relationship of those who have chosen to study in Canada because of family connections. We are aware that Greece has its challenges in terms of youth employment. The International Experience Canada Programme based on a youth mobility agreement between Canada and Greece allows youth from Greece to go to Canada, work for a year, establish contacts and either return to Greece or cultivate new opportunities to establish themselves in Canada.
Anything that leads to stronger ties between our youth is a good long-term investment. With significant milestones achieved in double taxation between Greece and Canada and the negotiation of a Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement CETA with the EU, do you foresee a significant boost in trade between Greece and Canada, despite the current economic climate? We import a great deal from Greece both in goods and services. Greeks have. The Ontario and Quebec liquor control boards are the first and second largest importers of liquor in the world and exports of Greek wines have been soaring.
Canadians love Greek products. The interim application of CETA will come through in the next few weeks and it will open markets and cut tariffs to zero. Canada is a trade dependent country, committed to trade, and we believe in treaties and agreements to promote open trade. We are very conscious that the EU are very important partners. What are major Canadian investments in Greece? Canada is among the biggest investors in Greece. I will be attending a meeting of the Greek Federation of Industry and the keynote speaker is Prem Watsa, who has invested extensively in Greece, and is extremely optimistic about Greece.
Whether it is El Dorado in mining or the Public Service Pension fund investing in the Athens International Airport or Fairfax investing in other areas, Canadians seem to have a strong faith that the Greek economy presents opportunities and that money can be made - and that is what investors are interested in. Greece needs foreign investments and it has enormous potential but investors need to know that they are welcome and they want a sense of predictability and security. I think as long as investors like Prem Watsa get that sense, then Greece is a great place to invest.
Any more cultural highlights to look forward to? We hosted the first-ever Canadian Film Week earlier this year in February to launch the celebrations for Canada and for the 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Canada and Greece, and we were pleased to have had several Canadian filmmakers attend. The Canada Council for the Arts supports the translation of books by Canadian writers into a third language.
This is a program that has provided valuable support to Greek publishers for the translation and promotion of Canadian literature to Greek readers. The Friends of Leonard Cohen in Hydra have just organized a three-day tribute with a documentary screening and a concert with his music on the quay. And, as every year, Canada will be participating at the annual film festivals in Athens and Thessaloniki as well as Animasyros with a focus on Canadian animation production.
Greece is a beautiful country with warm people and you feel blessed to know that while it is in Ottawa, you can be on your terrace sipping ouzo. Having said that, there are parts of Greece that remind me of the coast in Vancouver. We will be holidaying this summer in Chania. What would you like your legacy here to be? That sounds very grand. But they still need our help. The premises accommodates up to 32 refugee women and children, regardless of national origin, whether they remain in Greece or are relocated to a third country.
The building has been completely rehabilitated and includes a separate floor for community activities such as language classes, recreational activities and information sessions. Ioannis Tallios and Konstantinos Raftopoulos, architects, 4. Ivana Bozjak with Ira Kaliampetsos, 5, 6, 7. The new premises, located in the Kerameikos area of Athens has been fully rehabilitated for its current purpose and also includes a separate floor for communal activities such as language classes, recreational activities and information sessions, 8.
Guests at the launch reception of Mosaico House, Richard Dullnigg of the Austrian Embassy. Just below his office windows, an Anglo-Pakistani artist exhibits a traditional wedding tent as part of the contemporary art meeting Documenta 14, in which tourists, Athenians in need, refugees and students meet each day to share a free meal.
Anita Robert catches up with this progressive civic leader. What exactly was this policy about? During the summer of , thousands of refugees gathered around the Pedion tou Areos and Victoria Square. Every day, new people arrived. It was necessary to find a solution, to set an example to the other cities of Greece. We then decided to open a camp in Eleonas, which had to be enlarged twice.
It was not easy, because this camp is in a poor part of town, and it was necessary to persuade people to accept this new situation. Now, apartments house people, mostly families. Lastly, in order to ensure a better coordination between all the actors of this humanitarian crisis, we are about to open in September a coordination center on Maizonos street in the Metaxourgeio district. Placed under the responsibility of the Municipality of Athens, this centre is created thanks to private donations, notably from the Stavros Niarchos Foundation.
I do not conceal the fact that integration will be difficult. We did a survey recently with the refugees. Eighty percent of them do not want to stay in Greece. There is the language barrier, the economic crisis, and of course, the desire to re-unite with other members of their family who are elsewhere in Europe. Which achievement are you most proud of? Our social action. Since my arrival at the Athens City Hall in January , I have been constantly fighting to protect those who are not the most popular.
The gay parade, for example. We have supported this initiative from the beginning, and we are proud that it was held in Syntagma Square this year for the first time.
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We provide direct support, in the form of accommodation, clothing, food, to 26, people in Athens. We inaugurated in June a new social housing facility that will house 30 single-parent families. When we are in crisis we tend to become introverted and self-absorbed. Athens has to do the opposite to stay in the race. I love walking around Avyssinia square in the heart of the flea market. It is an enclosed square, surrounded by excellent restaurants and antique shops. What makes me stay is the passion for my city and my job. You are known to be a defender of civil society and you have put in place a form of governance that allows a true participation of citizens in the management of the city.
We have created a web platform where citizens can share their ideas, exchange experiences, work hand-in-hand with the Municipality of Athens to implement innovative projects. To that end, we have created the post of deputy mayor for civil society. In the field of social innovation, Athens is very advanced compared to other cities and we are currently in the spotlight as co-hosts of the prestigious Documenta 14 contemporary art gala. What did you mean? With the current crisis, many young Greeks had gone to study in the artistic fields abroad.
Documenta 14 gave them a port unity to come back to create here in Athens. This is one of the reasons why the Documenta 14 organizers chose to move the event to Athens, before it returned to its usual place, Kassel in Germany. We are very proud of this because Athens is a very active, dynamic city in the cultural field. There are approximately theatres, which are full every night. We must live up to the expectations of the Documenta audience, and show that artistic creation here is deep and solid.
What other major projects are in the works for Athens? We want Athens to become a tourist destination in itself, not just a transit point with a stop at the Acropolis before heading for the islands. For the past three years, we have been actively pursuing this policy, which is beginning to bear fruit. More and more tourists come throughout the year, for a duration of more than 2 days. In addition, we have begun to transform the centre of Athens into a pedestrian zone, with landscaping.
It is difficult to enforce legality in the public space in Athens, when everyone is parked where he wants, makes the noise he wants, yet we want to do what it takes to make Athens a contemporary European city. What do you think is the biggest challenge for Athens today? To make the centre of Athens attractive again and bring young couples and the middle class back there. For years, the centre of Athens was neglected. The districts of Kypseli, Patissia and Agios Panteleimonas have become difficult for families to live there and this should change.
When did your romance with the island of Spetses begin? We met a mere five years ago. But it was love at first sight. We spend every summer, all summer, in the area. We have a house on the Peloponnesian mainland in Porto Heli, just across the bay from Spetses. We have delightful views of this gem of an island from our house. Spetses is very much part of our summer playground. Either you come by road from Athens, like we do, which is a 3 hour very scenic drive.
Then, you catch a water taxi from the port of Kosta. Alternatively, you can get on a ferry from Piraeus Athens. No activity on Spetses compares to a trip out in a boat. Charter one and spend the day at sea. You will get to swim in the most amazing secluded coves all around the island, such as Zogeria, a stunning natural run of sandy bays with natural shade and shallow waters perfect for wading.
We find ourselves incredibly happy and at peace in this area which we have made ours and call our second home.. This small island has managed to be a key player in modern Greek history. Her statue still defiantly looks out to sea from its position in front of the impressive Poseidonion Grand Hotel, a truly grand landmark built in — and at the heart of the Spetses social whirl.
Every year, on the second week of September, the island also puts on one of its biggest shows, the Armata Festival, commemorating the famed battle in , where local ships took on Ottoman ships and triumphed. Many visitors comes to Spetses for this annual event that is celebrated with fireworks and the burning of a large wooden model of the Ottoman ship out in the bay.
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In one sentence, how would you describe the vibe or mood of your island? Classical island allure and elegance. We often come out to play at night. We descend on the island for drinks, dinner and shopping in the evening. If your island was a celebrity or other famous person, who would it be? Someone with grace, integrity and style, someone like Audrey Hepburn. Simply the seemingly endless, dazzling summers where the world — or more precisely, the prefecture of Argolida and the Saronic Islands, are your oyster.
We find ourselves incredibly happy and at peace in this area which we have made ours and call our second home. Is it gravity or attraction that keeps pulling me back? When I first travelled there six years ago to visit friends and experience the unique way that Greek Easter is celebrated. Greek Easter Folegandros-style was unusual in that it lasts for three days after Sunday and transpires into a procession and tour of the whole island.
The icon visits those who choose to open their doors and welcome not only the blessing of the priest, but all of the people following behind! The beauty of Folegandros is that not much changes. There has been a quiet expansion of the main town Chora with some new shops, but the island itself and its residents have maintained a magical balance of offering visitors much to see and do without interfering with the inherent raw beauty. Even in summer, beaches are not consumed by sunbeds and umbrellas. Having travelled to many Greek islands large and small, Folegandros differs in that the pace leaves you feeling calm.
Stress and anxiety falls away as the island provides so many majestic views and timeless ways to fill your day, like meandering paths which lead to crystal blue waters, walks through Chora and its stunning Kastro. Many choose flights to neighboring Santorini or Naxos and then use local ferry services to connect to Folegandros. Of course there is always the heliport! If you are a fan of nature and hiking, then visit late April and May for the wild flower explosion of color. Beach fans will be happy all summer.
The season extends through October and most visitors enjoy this laidback period. The direction of the wind will determine which beach to go to for snorkeling around the coves. The perfect end to the day is a spot of night shopping and a true Italian Gelato at O Theios The Uncle , the only of its kind on the island.
Ambeli is exactly what a small island beach should be and also home to the only source of local vegetation on this rocky outcrop. Open all year round for the locals as a kafenion, Irene and her grandaughter will feed you the real matsata: which is the Folegrandros home-made pasta, along with other daily home-made dishes.
The view from Papalagi Seafood restaurant in Agios Nikolas beach is also not to be missed Accomodation on Folegandros ranges from an upstanding and popular camp ground Camping Livadi to mid-range rooms like Aria and extends to some fantastic higher end hotels such as the Anemi. Booking for mid-July through to end of August is very difficult. People often book 6 months in advance. Recently many villa owners have opened their doors in August and can be found on air bnb. Three years ago, when my husband and I opened our shop, Folegandros T-Shirts, our children then 7 and 9 years old were on the loose and spent most nights running through the town with local children and foreigners alike, playing hide-and-go-seek or catch.
One customer remarked how there was nowhere else nowadays where children could roam as safely and freely as they seemed to do here in Folegandros. Behind each door rests an elder who is keenly watching the goings on around town and notes all the whos, wheres and whats. Folegandros is giving my children the chance to experience the same safe freedom that I had while spending my summers in Greece in the 70s.
Late afternoon drink at Fotis in Naoussa on the little harbor. Nap followed by dinner at Marios on the Old Harbor followed by a drink or ten at Agosta. All of this with my partner Mark, our dog Stavros and our Parian parea. Paros grows much of its own food and produces its own wine so Parians have a deep connection and respect for the land and nature. You can fly but I like taking the boat. I welcome the downtime the boat offers and like cruising on the Aegean. All part of the experience of travelling to a Greek island in my opinion.
I like Paros during Greek Easter when the place is covered in wild flowers. Morning walk around the Piperi peninsula with a quick swim at the little beach. Head to little Santa Maria beach for sunbathing and long swims. Apres beach lunch at To. Little Santa Maria Beach, the unorganized side. Protected from the wind and the most crystal clear waters. I have four recommendations.
Marios in Naoussa, hands down the best restaurant on the island. Tell us one absolutely unmissable experience for first-time visitors … Visit the church of Ekatontapyliani in Paroikia and then go shopping at Yria. Princess Tatiana and Prince Nikolaos of Greece: beauty, brains and heart.
Some other list toppers are visits from my sister Maria and her husband David, my best friends Vince, Tom and Sandy and my partner Mark. I have to say that finding our dog Stavros at Santa Maria Beach was a life changer as well. Finally, can you bear to share one true Insider secret with us about your island?
Hike to the Paros lighthouse from Monasteri Beach on an overcast day. Venetian society redefined Hellenistic expression - not least through the influence of the Italian Renaissance - is its most vital legacy. The artistic and literary revival that was the Renaissance was unparalleled in the Greek world, and in Crete, saw the creation of the Cretan School of Painting, which reached its pinnacle in the work of El Greco.
Even more significantly, the uniting of Italian and Byzantine forms meant a distinctive literature using the local idiom emerged, culminating with the early 17th-century romances Erotokritos and Erophili - the most important and influential medieval Greek literature ever produced. Of all those who ruled this most popular of Cretan cities, it was the Venetians whose presence remains most potent in the physical city we see today.
But just who were these Catholic Cretans and what do we know about them? During their rule between and , despite waves of settlement over more than years, remarkably, the Venetians never amounted to more than about 10, individuals in the whole of Crete, concentrated in the main towns of Chania, Rethymno and Heraklion. They were a small minority in a mostly Orthodox Cretan population that by , had reached some , During the first two centuries of Venetian rule, fierce revolts by the Orthodox population against the Catholic Venetians were frequent.
Fourteen revolts took place between and the last major uprising, the Revolt of St. Despite this resistance, Chania and Crete prospered under the Venetians, economically and culturally; and their cultural impact - how. To follow in the footsteps of the Venetians in Chania, Toponas is perhaps the most evocative quarter of Chania to begin your journey. Theotokopoulou - the main street which runs north to south through Toponas - is the perfect start a journey of Venetian exploration.